So, you are interested in growing cannabis plants for the first time? Congratulations! But, before you rush into tending your garden, you need to understand that growing indoor marijuana seeds have their own unique set of challenges for a new home grower. There is a large volume of information you can look into can be overwhelming. You can look into this process so you can have a gist of what you will encounter.
How Long Does It Take to Grow Indoors?
Everyone wants to know the answer to this, and the short one is: the average indoor plant grows within three to five months. The long answer is, from germinating the seeds of your plant, you can wait from 8 weeks up to 7 months. There are so many factors that can quicken or lengthen the growing time of your cannabis plants. This time includes taking care of the seed up to harvesting and curing your harvested buds. The key is also in choosing the right strain for your skills.
Step 1: Designate Your Cannabis Grow Room
Before you start gardening, you have to assign a suitable space where you need to do the growing. You can choose from a closet, cabinet, tent, or a spare room.
Start small. – For beginners, you should start small so it can be easier to manage and monitor. It is also something less expensive, which is good.
Think big. – Consider everything that you will need. Lights, fans, ducting, and other equipment must be thought of. Also, your plans can double or triple their size, so make you have space.
Cleanliness is important. – Make sure you sanitize your grow space. Avoid using raw wood, drapes, and carpeting, as they are all difficult to clean.
Temperature and Humidity – Choose a cool, dry area with easy access to fresh air from the outdoors is most recommended.
Step 2: Select Your Cannabis Grow Lights
The largest environmental factor that you should consider is the light quality of your grow room. You have to choose the best grow light set-up that you can afford. These are some options:
HID Grow Lights – High-intensity discharge lights are the standard on the industry. They are famous for output, efficiency, and value. They cost a bit more but produce lots of light compared to the others.
Fluorescent Grow Lights – Fluorescents, like high output T5 bulbs, are famous with small-scale hobbyists. They are relatively cheaper and they do not require a cooling system compared to other lights.
LED Grow Lights – Light emitting diode technology has been around for a long while. They are great for use, but the cost can be 10 times larger than HID setups. The LED lights last much longer, use less electricity, and create less heat.
Step 3: Give Your Cannabis Plants Air
Plants need fresh air, specifically, carbon dioxide is essential to photosynthesis. This means you need a steady stream of air throughout the grow room. You can achieve this by using an exhaust fan at the top of the room and a filtered air inlet at the opposite, near the floor.
Ensure the temperature is always between 70 to 85 degrees Fahrenheit when grow lights are on and 58 to 70 degrees when the lights are off.
You can opt for growing in a sealed environment and use an air conditioner, dehumidifier, and a supplemental carbon dioxide system.
It is also a good idea to have a light constant breeze in your grow room because this can strengthen the plant stems, and avoid an environment for mold and pests.
You can also use a circulating fan, but do not point them directly into your plants as this can cause windburn.
Step 4: Choose Equipment for Monitoring and Controls
A beginner can utilize a 24-hour timer for the light system and using an adjustable thermostat switch for the exhaust fan.
Remember that the timing on the light and dark cycle is important for cultivation. For the vegetative growth, you can use 16 to 20 hours of lighting per 24 hours. For blooming, you need 12 hours of lighting per day. Turn the lights on or off at the same time daily to avoid plant stress.
You can invest in a combination of a thermostat/hygrometer with a memory feature can be very handy in keeping tabs to the grow space conditions.
You should also have a pH meter or a test kit handy so you can regularly check on the pH level of the soil, nutrient solution, and water.
Step 5: Select Your Cannabis Grow Medium
Because you are growing indoors, you have the ability to pick among different methods. The most popular are soil and hydroponics. Here are details on both:
Soil – This is the most traditional medium, as well as the most forgiving, making it the best option for first-timers. A very good choice that you can go for is organic pre-fertilized soil that can grow cannabis plants without any added nutrients.
Soilless or Hydroponics – More indoor growers choose soilless, hydroponic media for growing cannabis plants. This method requires feeding of nutrients that are absorbed directly by the roots through osmosis.
Step 6: Determine Where You Will Be Growing Your Cannabis
The container where you will be growing your plant is dependent on the medium, the system, and the plant size. For some hydroponic systems, you may use small net pots filled with clay pebbles or a big slab of rockwool. You can also use 10-gallon nursery pots for your plants. Some more inexpensive options include disposable perforated plastic or cloth bags. You can also buy smart pots, which are containers that are designed to enhance airflow. Take note that drainage is essential, as cannabis plants are sensitive to water-logged conditions. If you repurpose other containers, be sure to drill holes in the bottoms.
Step 7: Feed Your Cannabis Plants
For indoor cannabis seeds, high-quality flowers need more fertilizer and nutrients.
The primary nutrients you need are Nitrogen, Phosphorous, and Potassium.
Micronutrients are needed as well. Small amounts of Calcium, Magnesium, Iron, and Copper can go a long way.
Step 8: Water Your Cannabis Plants
Take care of overwatering or underwatering your cannabis plants. Check that you will provide the right types of filtered water to prevent any form of harm. How often you water your plants will be dependent on your medium, plant size, and temperature.
Don’t Forget: Only Choose the Best Indoor Marijuana Seeds
As beginners, you should just try to learn as you go. As you gain experience, you will be able to alter your grow space to better fit your preferred strains. One major thing to consider is to choose easier to maintain cannabis strains for your first few grow cycles. Only purchase from legitimate seed banks, so you get high-quality raw materials. Remember, cannabis cultivation is a labor of love, so spend a lot of time with your plants and enjoy the journey!