During the flowering stage, cannabis plants produce pollen for reproduction. The pollen produced may come from stressed females or regular flowers which, in turn, produce male flowers. The flowers keep the feminized genes, pollinating other female plants in order to create feminized seeds.
Instead of starting with cannabis seeds, some cultivators begin with feminized cannabis pollen. If you want to come up with feminized cannabis seeds, this might be an option that you can take into consideration.
Understanding Cannabis Pollen
In all flowering plants, cannabis included, pollen refers to the powdery, dusty, and typically yellowish material that is produced by male flowers of hermaphroditic, seed-producing or male-only plants. Pollens need to find their way to the female flowers so as to fertilize them. With this process, the female plants are able to produce viable seeds so that they can continue with the plant life cycle.
Cannabis pollen is transferred from one flower to another through the process of pollination. This can be artificially done for indoor cultivated plants including cannabis, though it naturally happens on outdoor grown batches as well. For indoor growers, artificial pollination is particularly necessary, since this setup do not have the benefits of rain, wind, and insects that help in spreading the pollen.
Many cannabis cultivators pollinate plants instead of just waiting for fate to play its part. When the male flowers start to develop their pollen sacs, they have to be monitored accordingly. When they look like they are about to open, they need to be bagged and collected. They may be squeezed or shaken in order to get the pollen out from the sac. Pollen need to be immediately used after collecting. However, if they are stored in a dry, cool, and airtight container, it can even last for about a couple of months.
Some cannabis cultivators also add flour with the understanding that it can help in absorbing excess moisture. The presence of flour can also help in stretching the pollen even further. The ratio of pollen to flour ranges between 1:2 and 1:10, with most cultivators using either a ratio of 1:4 or 1:5.
Usually, between the 14th and the 21st day of the flowering of the female cannabis plants, the pollen need to be introduced right at the bud. This is where the leaf meets the stem. There also needs to be white, small hairs that are visible to hold and collect the pollen.
How to Collect and Use Cannabis Pollen
There are a number of ways in which you can collect pollen. One method tried by some growers is the pollen trap. This trick requires the grower to be extremely alert, especially when the male plant is about to open. If you figure this out, all you need to do is to take two huge Tupperware containers, forming them into a box which will hold a cup with water.
Place some wax paper in the bottom, or the tops and sides where you need to cut off the mature male plants. Place the tops where you need to hang the wax paper over, taping the entire box. This will allow you to have a place similar to that of the vegetative room. A fair reminder, though, make sure that the water is not spilled. It causes the pollen to be ruined. Also, avoid putting more than the needed amount of water into the glass.
Another thing has something to do with the formation of the male cluster. When choosing a male for breeding, you can run a mature, full-size plant. If your male plant produces small clusters, most likely they will not pass huge yields to their offspring. While this is not a standard output, it is still a good indication. Once your plants have pollinated fully, you can wash the females off using a water spray bottle. After rinsing the plants, you can place the mother plants back into the main bud.
Collecting cannabis pollen is quite challenging. There is no doubt about that. But when you do it the right way, you will be surprised with the things that you can do with it. The male cannabis plant is no doubt a very amazing creation. By catching the pollen, you can be ahead of the game when it comes to creating hybrids. In fact, being an expert on how to use it can be worth more than producing the most elite seeds and cuttings. You may want to learn things your way, discovering potential output by trying things out, or you can simply ask other expert cultivators about it. There are good information about cannabis pollen these days, which you can also use in your growing project. Get those feminized cannabis seeds by starting with cannabis pollen and see the difference.